Plastic Instability of Rate-Dependent Materials - Consideration of Isothermal and Adiabatic Conditions in Dynamic Tensile Tests -

  • During dynamic processes, a certain range of strain rates is often observed along loaded structures and components. For precise numerical simulations, it is necessary to determine rate-dependent properties in dynamic tests and to describe the material behavior correctly within an appropriate domain of strain rates including adiabatic heating effects at higher strain rates, typically higher than 10 1/s. In principle, numerical simulations are compared to experimental results to verify the applied material models. For dynamic tensile tests considering ductile materials and large plastic deformation beyond uniform elongation, it is challenging to obtain comparable results due to plastic instability and necking of the specimen, e.g.. Based on the strain gradient in a general tensile specimen, a theoretical criterion was derived describing the plastic instability in rate-dependent materials under isothermal conditions in. It was applied to different multiplicative and additive constitutiveDuring dynamic processes, a certain range of strain rates is often observed along loaded structures and components. For precise numerical simulations, it is necessary to determine rate-dependent properties in dynamic tests and to describe the material behavior correctly within an appropriate domain of strain rates including adiabatic heating effects at higher strain rates, typically higher than 10 1/s. In principle, numerical simulations are compared to experimental results to verify the applied material models. For dynamic tensile tests considering ductile materials and large plastic deformation beyond uniform elongation, it is challenging to obtain comparable results due to plastic instability and necking of the specimen, e.g.. Based on the strain gradient in a general tensile specimen, a theoretical criterion was derived describing the plastic instability in rate-dependent materials under isothermal conditions in. It was applied to different multiplicative and additive constitutive relations and the analytical onset of necking was compared to results from numerical calculations of quasi-static and dynamic tensile tests. The simulations of a sheet-metal specimen with rectangular cross-section were carried out using the Finite Element Method and it was found that the numerical calculated and the theoretical predicted onset of plastic instability agree very good. The analytical criterion for instability holds even for specimens without geometrical or material imperfections and confirms that the onset of plastic instability must be considered a material characteristic. However, real dynamic problems with higher strain rates are not isothermal, the heat generated by plastic work is not dissipated to the surrounding and the temperature of the material increases significantly. Adiabatic heating and thermal softening must be considered within the constitutive relations of rate-dependent materials and the discussion of plastic instability. In this paper, an enhanced and more generalized approach for the description of the condition for stability is discussed and applied to phenomenological as well as more physical constitutive relations from the literature. This allows an individual assessment of the accuracy and verification of rate-dependent material models with respect to plastic instability.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Christian Keller
Koautoren/innen:Uwe Herbrich
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2018
Organisationseinheit der BAM:3 Gefahrgutumschließungen
3 Gefahrgutumschließungen / 3.4 Sicherheit von Lagerbehältern
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Angewandte Physik
Freie Schlagwörter:Dynamic Tensile Test; FEM; Plastic Instability; Rate-dependent Materials
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Energie
Energie / Kerntechnische Entsorgung
Veranstaltung:13th World Congress on Computational Mechanics
Veranstaltungsort:New York, USA
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:22.07.2018
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:27.07.2018
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:12.09.2019
Referierte Publikation:Nein