Paper: history, manufacture, properties

  • The lecture traces the origins of paper, the manufacture and the spread from China to the Middle East and Europe. Though technological progress considerably affected each step of the manufacture of paper, the essence of the invention remains unchanged until today. The process of manufacturing handmade paper can be divided into a number of steps:  choosing the raw material (e.g. cellulose from wood, cotton, rags)  beating and grinding the fibres into small pieces  producing a liquid pulp of the desired texture  treating the pulp with various additives  filling the pulp suspension into a paper mould  draining the water  pressing and drying to get the actual sheet  various post-production treatments We will see how the manufacturing process is reflected in the properties of the paper and its degradation. A special attention will be paid to the instrumental analysis for identification of the paper types. Also watermark play an important role in the studies ofThe lecture traces the origins of paper, the manufacture and the spread from China to the Middle East and Europe. Though technological progress considerably affected each step of the manufacture of paper, the essence of the invention remains unchanged until today. The process of manufacturing handmade paper can be divided into a number of steps:  choosing the raw material (e.g. cellulose from wood, cotton, rags)  beating and grinding the fibres into small pieces  producing a liquid pulp of the desired texture  treating the pulp with various additives  filling the pulp suspension into a paper mould  draining the water  pressing and drying to get the actual sheet  various post-production treatments We will see how the manufacturing process is reflected in the properties of the paper and its degradation. A special attention will be paid to the instrumental analysis for identification of the paper types. Also watermark play an important role in the studies of the manuscripts. A short overview will be offered at the ends of the lecture.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Oliver Hahn
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2019
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.5 Kunst- und Kulturgutanalyse
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Freie Schlagwörter:Cultural heritage; Material science
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Material
Material / Materialien und Stoffe
Veranstaltung:Summer School Manusciences 19
Veranstaltungsort:Frejus, France
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:10.03.2019
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:15.03.2019
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:04.06.2019
Referierte Publikation:Nein