How light determines the life of the plant pathogen Botrytis cinerea

  • The rotation of the Earth causes a day/night cycle that is characterized by changing light and temperature conditions. Fungi actively sense the environmental light conditions to induce protective mechanisms against the light-associated stresses and to regulate development. Since fungi adapted to habitats with different light regimes, the complexities of their ‘visual’ systems and photoresponses may vary significantly. Fungi that are associated with plants experience a special light regime because the host seeks optimum light conditions for photosynthesis – and the fungus must cope with them. Moreover, fungi living under the canopy are confronted with an altered spectrum enriched for green and far-red light. Plants sense light to coordinate growth and morphogenesis: a low red:far-red ratio indicates the presence of competitors (shading by other plants) and triggers the shade avoidance response which is accompanied by increased susceptibility to nectrophic pathogens. Botrytis cinerea,The rotation of the Earth causes a day/night cycle that is characterized by changing light and temperature conditions. Fungi actively sense the environmental light conditions to induce protective mechanisms against the light-associated stresses and to regulate development. Since fungi adapted to habitats with different light regimes, the complexities of their ‘visual’ systems and photoresponses may vary significantly. Fungi that are associated with plants experience a special light regime because the host seeks optimum light conditions for photosynthesis – and the fungus must cope with them. Moreover, fungi living under the canopy are confronted with an altered spectrum enriched for green and far-red light. Plants sense light to coordinate growth and morphogenesis: a low red:far-red ratio indicates the presence of competitors (shading by other plants) and triggers the shade avoidance response which is accompanied by increased susceptibility to nectrophic pathogens. Botrytis cinerea, the causal agent of gray mold diseases on many plant species in moderate climate zones (high humidity, temperatures around 20°C, seasons), exhibits striking photoresponses accompanied by a broad action spectrum and a high number of photoreceptors. Light is the most important factor controlling morphogenesis: it induces conidiation for disease spreading (summer cycle) and represses sclerotial development for survival and/or sexual recombination (winter cycle). In the past years, we identified several cellular components involved in photoperception and regulation of photomorphogenesis and virulence indicating that the same signaling pathways are of relevance for both processes, propagation and infection. Notably, we recognized the role of the phytochromes (red/far-red light sensors) for coordinated responses to light and elevated temperatures (photo-/thermomorphogenesis) – similar to the function of Arabidopsis PhyB. BcPHY2-like thermosensors are likely restricted to the Leotiomycetes, which include several plant pathogens of the moderate climate zones.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autoren/innen:Julia Schumacher
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Deutsch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2019
Organisationseinheit der BAM:4 Material und Umwelt
4 Material und Umwelt / 4.0 Abteilungsleitung und andere
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Sanitär- und Kommunaltechnik; Umwelttechnik
Freie Schlagwörter:fungus; light; plant pathogen; signaling; virulence
Themenfelder/Aktivitätsfelder der BAM:Umwelt
Umwelt / Umweltverhalten von Materialien und Produkten
Veranstaltung:Fungal Genetics Conference 2019
Veranstaltungsort:Asilomar, CA, USA
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:12.03.2019
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:16.03.2019
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:04.06.2019
Referierte Publikation:Nein