Aging study and electrical resistance based stress-monitoring of rubber seals

  • Elastomer seals are widely used as barrier seals in containers for low and intermediate level radioactive waste. In addition, they are also used in waste fuel storage and transportation casks as auxiliary seals. Depending on the area of use, the rubber materials have to demonstrate proper sealing performance with respect to mechanical, thermal and environmental conditions as well as irradiation during the entire operation period. A fundamental understanding of the structure property relationship and their changes during aging can help to evaluate the long-term sealing performance. In the present study, specific materials are investigated to study the structure-property and seal performance-correlation. Fluoro-elastomer (FKM), silicone rubber (VMQ) and ethylene propylene diene rubber (EPDM) were chosen as base rubbers. Comparable mechanical properties for these seals, especially in terms of a comparable compression behavior were achieved by careful control of base rubber formulation,Elastomer seals are widely used as barrier seals in containers for low and intermediate level radioactive waste. In addition, they are also used in waste fuel storage and transportation casks as auxiliary seals. Depending on the area of use, the rubber materials have to demonstrate proper sealing performance with respect to mechanical, thermal and environmental conditions as well as irradiation during the entire operation period. A fundamental understanding of the structure property relationship and their changes during aging can help to evaluate the long-term sealing performance. In the present study, specific materials are investigated to study the structure-property and seal performance-correlation. Fluoro-elastomer (FKM), silicone rubber (VMQ) and ethylene propylene diene rubber (EPDM) were chosen as base rubbers. Comparable mechanical properties for these seals, especially in terms of a comparable compression behavior were achieved by careful control of base rubber formulation, i.e., by opting for the right filler and its concentration, amount of crosslinking chemicals, and with the assistance of process oils. Moreover, with the same rubber, similar mechanical properties were achieved by varying the filler concentration and crosslinking degree, which shall enable to correlate the particular influence on the structure property dependency of the seals in detail. The materials are investigated under pristine and aged conditions to evaluate the influence of aging, e.g. on the stress relaxation or recovery behavior. These values appear to be suitable parameters to judge the expected sealing performance. Due to the electrically conducting nature of some fillers used to reinforce rubbers (such as carbon blacks, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), Graphene, etc.) it is possible to obtain current information about mechanical and visco-elastic properties by monitoring the electrical conductivity or resistivity. A simple relation that relates electrical resistance with mechanical stress was derived and the stress values were theoretically predicted from the electrical resistance values, which showed good correlation with experimental results.zeige mehrzeige weniger

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Metadaten
Autor*innen:E. Subramani Bhagavatheswaran
Koautor*innen:S. Wießner, Dietmar Wolff, Matthias Jaunich
Dokumenttyp:Vortrag
Veröffentlichungsform:Präsentation
Sprache:Englisch
Jahr der Erstveröffentlichung:2017
DDC-Klassifikation:Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / Ingenieurwissenschaften / Angewandte Physik
Freie Schlagwörter:Ageing; Rubber; Seal; Structure-property relationship
Veranstaltung:192nd Technical Meeting of the ACS Rubber Division
Veranstaltungsort:Cleveland, OH, USA
Beginndatum der Veranstaltung:09.10.2017
Enddatum der Veranstaltung:12.10.2017
Verfügbarkeit des Dokuments:Datei im Netzwerk der BAM verfügbar ("Closed Access")
Datum der Freischaltung:16.11.2017
Referierte Publikation:Nein
Eingeladener Vortrag:Nein
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