Fromm and the Critical Theory of Communication [弗洛姆与交往批判理论]

  • 埃里希·弗洛姆是马克思主义精神分析学家、哲学家和社会主义人道主义者。本文探究的问题是:在数字和交往资本主义时代如何运用和修正弗洛姆的交往批判理论,以提供一种批判的视角。为了给出这一问题的答案,本文从交往、意识形态和技术等三个方面讨论了弗洛姆的一些观点,这些观点使我们能够更好地理解人类的交往过程。弗洛姆的研究方法可以从多个方面为交往批判理论提供参考:他的社会性格概念为这种理论提供了批判心理学的基础。他对权威主义性格与人道主义性格的区分可以用来区分权威主义的交往与人道主义的交往。弗洛姆的作品也可以为意识形态批判提供参考:占有的意识形态塑造了资本主义的生活、思想、语言和社会行为。在资本主义社会中,包括数字计算在内的技术被奉为拜物教的神明,量化逻辑塑造了社会关系。弗洛姆对人道化的技术和参与式计算的追求可以为当代关于数字资本主义及其替代方案的争论提供参考。
  • Erich Fromm was a Marxist psychoanalyst, philosopher and socialist humanist. The question this paper explores is how Fromm's critical theory of communication can be applied and modified to provide a critical perspective in the age of digital and interactional capitalism. In order to provide an answer to this question, the paper discusses some of Fromm's ideas from three perspectives: communication, ideology, and technology, which allow us to better understand the process of human interaction. Fromm's research approach can inform the critical theory of communication in several ways: his concept of social character provides the basis for this theory in critical psychology. His distinction between authoritarian and humanitarian character can be used to distinguish authoritarian interactions from humanitarian ones. Fromm's work can also inform a critique of ideology: the ideology of appropriation shapes capitalist life, thought, language, and social behavior. In capitalist societies, where technology, including number-crun¬ching, is worshipped as a god of fetishism, the logic of quantification shapes social relations. Fromm's pursuit of humanized technology and participatory computing can inform contemporary debates about digital capitalism and its alternatives. [Translation: www.DeepL/Translator, free version, 7/2021]

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Author:Christian Fuchs, Jianyin Sun
Parent Title (Chinese):Foreign Theoretical Trends [国外理论动态], No. 3 (2021), pp. 44-55.
Document Type:Articles
Year of first Publication:2021
Release Date:2022/05/04
Format:no download and copy possible
Writings about Erich Fromm (Secondary Literature):Articles / Artikel
Erich Fromm's Library and Erich Fromm Archive:Articles / Artikel
Licence (German):
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