National Mentality and the Nazi’s Rising in the Weimar Republic [魏玛共和国的国民心态与纳粹的崛起], Master thesis, World History, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China 2007.

  • 魏玛共和国时期的国民心态的形成和变化有着深刻的历史根源和社会背景,而不同的社会阶层有着不同的心态,阶层心态是社会心态的一种分解,它影响并支配着相关群体的行为。本文从不同社会阶层的心态入手,通过其外在表现和内在根源进行深入分析,探究其心态的源流和特征,从而对法西斯主义群体进行心理分析。借用心态史学和心理史学以及社会学的相关理论和方法,透析当时社会各阶层的心态与纳粹上台存在的内在联系,以及反法西斯势力因何失败,希特勒如何利用魏玛时期的国民心态进行蛊惑宣传并通过选举>合法<地登上政治舞台也是本文的研究内容。作者认为通过对魏玛国民心态和纳粹上台之间关系的分析,可以对纳粹的上台有更加深刻的认识。论文分为五章,第一章首先把当时的社会主要阶层分为四类:社会上层、社会中层、社会下层和特殊阶层,然后根据当时的社会背景和各个阶层在社会结构中扮演的角色来分析其不同的心态。第二章主要分析的是德国魏玛时代国民心态形成的原因,无论历史的渊源,还是现实的困境因素都潜移默化地影响着当时德国的国民心态。第三章总结了魏玛共和国时期国民心态的共同特征,指出了国民心态的畸形发展。第四章进行了法西斯主义的群体心理分析,介绍了赖希、弗洛姆、阿多尔诺、洛温伯格、阿谢尔等人的理论,透析法西斯主义产生的群众心理根源。最后一章讨论魏玛共和国国民心态和纳粹的互动和排斥,以及希特勒是如何利用当时社会阶层的心态运用心理战手法进行欺骗性的宣传,以最大程度地争取各阶层群众的;当时的国民心态中也存在反法西斯主义因素,本文试图解答,为什么这些反法西斯因素未能战胜法西斯因素,理性为何让位于非理性,为何不能阻止魏玛共和国的垮台和纳粹的上台,以及从中应该汲取哪些经验教训。
  • The national mentality’s formation and change has deep historical roots and social background in the Weimar Republic. Different social classes have different mentality, though class mentality compose the social mentality, the latter affects the correlative community’s behaviors. This paper begins from discussing the different social class mentality, its performance and underlying causes, origins and the characteristics of mentality etc., especially that of the Fascism community mentality. Borrowed theories and methods from the history of mentality and the psychological history as well as the sociology, the paper tries to explain the relationship between the mentality of various social classes at that time and the Nazi’s rise, as well as why the counter-Fascist forces were defeated, and how did Hitler utilize national mentality to deludingly propagandize and legitimately ascend the political arena through the election. The author think through the analysis of deep the Nazis rise to power and national mentality, it tries to provide a deep understanding of the Nazi’s rise to power. - The thesis is divided into five chapters. The first chapter classifies the Weimar social classes into four kinds: the upper, the middle, the lower and the special classes. It analyzes their different mentalities in term of social background and the role that each social class played in the social system.– The second chapter discuss the reasons why national mentality forms in that formation in the era of Weimar Germany. It argues that various historical events and the social trouble factors, affected the German’s national mentality at that time.– The third chapter summarizes common characteristics of the national mentality in the Weimar Republic period, and points out the abnormal development of the national mentality.– The fourth chapter carries on a psychological analysis of fascism groups, introducing the theories of Reich, Fromm, Adorno, Peter Loewenberg , Harvey Asher etc., analyzing the popular psychological origin which produced the Fascism.– The last chapter of the thesis deals with the interaction and reaction between national mentality of the Weimar Republic and Nazi, as well as how Hitler took advantage of deceptive practices, trying to get the support from people of all social classes to the greatest extent. There were also anti-fascism in the national mentality. Why weren’t they able to defeat the fascist? Why rationality did gave away to irrational mentality? Why can’t it prevent the collapse of the Weimar Republic and the Nazi came to power, and what lessons should we learn from? All there were discussed in the thesis. [Author’s translation]

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Author:Jicheng Wang
Document Type:Dissertations
Year of first Publication:2007
Release Date:2016/09/29
Format:no download and copy possible
Writings about Erich Fromm (Secondary Literature):Dissertations / Dissertationen
Erich Fromm's Library and Erich Fromm Archive:Dissertations / Dissertationen
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