Alienation and Restoration in >Herzog< [弗洛姆视角下赫索格的异化与回归], Master thesis, English Language and Literature, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, Liaoning, China 2014 [application of Fromm's theories to art].

  • 索尔•贝娄(1915-2005)是二战后美国杰出小说家、诺贝尔文学奖获得者。在其长达六十年的创作生涯中作品无数,尤以描写犹太知识分子的异化而闻名,并致力于阐释自我本质与生存现实之间的矛盾。其代表作《赫索格》因展现了西方当代知识分子的处境与命运而得到广泛关注。国内外学者多用存在主义、女性主义、原型批评等相关理论对小说进行分析,鲜有从弗洛姆的角度来解读赫索格的精神异化与心灵回归。本文试图运用弗洛姆异化理论对赫索格异化与回归的主题进行探讨。本文共分为六章。第一章简要介绍了贝娄的生平、作品及《赫索格》的故事梗概,并指出本论文的意义。第二章为文献综述,阐述了《赫索格》国内外研究现状。国外评论家从小说主题、艺术手法、作品特色等多方面对其展开研究;而国内评论者则多用存在主义、女性主义的理论对小说进行主题分析。第三章是本文理论框架。首先对异化哲学概念的发展历程作了简要回顾,继而着重阐释了弗洛姆人性异化理论及其用真爱来实现心灵回归的途径。第四、五章为本论文主体。第四章运用弗洛姆人性异化理论对主人公的精神异化进行了分析,赫索格的异化集中体现在他与社会、与他人、与自我、与大自然的关系方面。进而得出赫索格异化的原因。美国社会环境及赫索格的犹太背景是导致其异化必不可少的外因,同时赫索格又受自身学术研究的影响,致使他深深地陷入异化状态。第五章根据弗洛姆爱的艺术理论,从赫索格的自省、亲朋间的真爱和大自然的抚慰这三个方面探讨主人公心灵回归的途径。基于上述分析,第六章得出结论。贝娄通过这部小说展示了现代文明所引发的精神危机和现代人的生存困境,并试图为赫索格寻求一条既不逃避现实又独立于时弊之外的理想道路。因此,生活在困境中的现代人,应在真爱的基础上重塑健全人格,以独立完整的个体融入现实世界,追求有意义的生活,实现自身的人生价值。
  • Saul Bellow (1915-2005) is the outstanding American novelist after WWII and the Nobel Prize winner. He has countless works in his writing career as long as sixty years and is famous for the description of Jewish intellectuals’ alienation. Bellow applies himself to interpret the contradiction between human nature and living reality. His representative work >Herzog< gets a wide public concern which shows the predicament and destiny of western modern intellectuals. Most critics have a thematic analysis from the perspectives of existentialism, feminism, archetypal criticism; rare of them from the perspective of Fromm’s theory. Thus, this thesis tries to use Fromm’s alienation theory to probe the novel’s theme by analyzing Herzog’s alienation and restoration. - This thesis is divided into six chapters. The first chapter briefly introduces Saul Bellow’s life experi-ences, his works and the plot of Herzog, as well as the significance of this thesis.– The second chapter presents the foreign and domestic literature reviews on Saul Bellow and Herzog. Critics abroad have wide researches on novel’s thematic analysis, writing techniques, work characteristics and so on. While in domestic researches, existentialism and feminism are the common uses in thematic analysis.– The third chapter is the theoretical foundation of this thesis. It firstly takes a general review of the development of alienation, and then introduces Fromm’s alienation theory of human nature and his true love theory for restoration.– The fourth chapter and the fifth chapter are the main body of this thesis. The fourth chapter makes a thorough analysis of protagonist’s alienation which embodies on his relations with society, with others, with nature and with himself, and further reaches the causes of Herzog’s alienation. The American society and his Jewish background are the inevitable external causes. At the same time, Herzog is also burdened by his academic study.– According to Fromm’s theory of love, the fifth chapter discusses the protagonist’s restoration from three aspects of self-examination, true love and nature.– The sixth chapter is the conclusion. By this novel, Bellow shows the spiritual crisis in modern culture and the survival dilemma of modern people, and he tries to find a way neither escaping from reality nor staying with the ills of the day for Herzog. Thus, people who live in dilemma like Herzog should integrate into the realistic world by love with independent sane personality, and pursue meaningful life. [Author’s translation]

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Author:Yue Lue
Document Type:Dissertations
Year of first Publication:2014
Release Date:2016/09/29
Format:no download and copy possible
Writings about Erich Fromm (Secondary Literature):Dissertations / Dissertationen
Erich Fromm's Library and Erich Fromm Archive:Dissertations / Dissertationen
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