Hypersensitivity in Borderline Personality Disorder during Mindreading

  • Background One of the core symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the instability in interpersonal relationships. This might be related to existent differences in mindreading between BPD patients and healthy individuals. Methods We examined the behavioural and neurophysiological (fMRI) responses of BPD patients and healthy controls (HC) during performance of the ‘Reading the Mind in the Eyes’ test (RMET). Results Mental state discrimination was significantly better and faster for affective eye gazes in BPD patients than in HC. At the neurophysiological level, this was manifested in a stronger activation of the amygdala and greater activity of the medial frontal gyrus, the left Background One of the core symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the instability in interpersonal relationships. This might be related to existent differences in mindreading between BPD patients and healthy individuals. Methods We examined the behavioural and neurophysiological (fMRI) responses of BPD patients and healthy controls (HC) during performance of the ‘Reading the Mind in the Eyes’ test (RMET). Results Mental state discrimination was significantly better and faster for affective eye gazes in BPD patients than in HC. At the neurophysiological level, this was manifested in a stronger activation of the amygdala and greater activity of the medial frontal gyrus, the left temporal pole and the middle temporal gyrus during affective eye gazes. In contrast, HC subjects showed a greater activation in the insula and the superior temporal gyri. Conclusion These findings indicate that BPD patients are highly vigilant to social stimuli, maybe because they resonate intuitively with mental states of others.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Carina Frick, Simone Lang, Boris Kotchoubey, Simkje Sieswerda, Ramona Dinu-Biringer, Moritz Berger, Sandra Veser, Marco Essig, Sven Barnow
URN:urn:nbn:de:bvb:29-opus-37136
Title of the journal / compilation:PLoS ONE 7.8 (2012): 29.10.2012 <http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0041650>
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2012/10/30
Publishing Institution:Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU)
Release Date:2012/10/30
SWD-Keyword:-
Original publication:PLoS ONE 7.8 (2012): 29.10.2012 <http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0041650>
Institutes:Medizinische Fakultät -ohne weitere Spezifikation-
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Collections:Open Access Artikel ohne Förderung 2012

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