- Elite foundations of social theory and politics : special issue (2012)
- This special issue of the HSR is dedicated to John Higley in honour of his continued accomplishment as a distin-guished scholar and prolific author whose seminal publi-cations on the role of elites in politics and society have contributed to the contemporary revival of elite research. The volume assembles contributions from fourteen au-thors, ranging from theoretical analyses to empirical stud-ies of elites in old and new democracies. Proceeding from the emergence of elites with the advent of complex societies, the chapters show the wide application of elite theory in understanding social and political developments. One group of chapters focuses on the continued rele-vance of three classics of elite theory, Max Weber, Gaetano Mosca, and Joseph Schumpeter, which call into question some unrealistically optimistic assumptions of the theory of democratic elitism and egalitarian socialism. Another group addresses post-communist elite transfor-mations and the formation of transnational elites, and demonstrates the relevance of elite studies for under-standing abrupt as well as gradual regime change. A final group of papers discusses the dynamics of elite-mass relations by comparing the attitudes and behaviours of elites to those of mass publics. In addition to these dedicated contributions, the issue also includes reprints of a selection of John Higley’s seminal articles and book chapters.
- Vertical and Horizontal Accountability of Global Elites : Some Theoretical Reflections and a Preliminary Research Agenda (2012)
- Globalization has given rise to an ever-increasing number of global elites holding leadership positions in transnational institutions, corporations and NGOs. This raises questions regarding the structure and accountability of these elites. Are they just an abstract category of position-holders representing national or organizational interests in transnational decision-making or do they rather form a cohesive ruling group united by common interests, as some theoreticians of globalization have assumed? Elite theory has identified a number of relevant characteristics that can be used for assessing the nature of this nascent elite formation. These include primarily the prevailing patterns of elite recruitment with respect to the representation of societal diversity, the mechanisms of elite accountability and the existence of informal rules of conduct that enable the accommodation of conflicts of interest.
- Value Orientations and Support for Democracy Among Elites and Mass Publics in Old and New Democracies (2012)
- The paper argues that without a broad elite consensus on democratic institutions and practices new democracies remain fragile. The paper will study if and how support for democracy in the general population is associated with the degree of elite consensus on democratic values and procedures across party lines.