Purpose – There is only scarce research about the transformation of e-HRM in general, and of the e-recruiting function in particular. Further, there is not much known of the transformational implications for the related people, process, and information technology (IT). The paper aims to discuss these issues.
Design/methodology/approach – To analyze the transformation of e-recruiting caused by external influences outside of the organization, the authors report the results of an eight-year case with a media corporation in order to derive and describe five consecutive steps of an e-recruiting transformation model.
Findings – The paper comes up with five stages (transformation of tools, transformation of systems, transformation of workflows, transformation of tasks, and transformation of communication), each influenced by external developments and market tendencies (War for Talent, increasing number of applications, job market switch, globalization of job market, changing communication behavior).
Research limitations/implications – This research contributes to literature by explaining the drivers of an e-HRM transformation and the different stages of this transformation process differentiated by the affected people, processes, and IT. However, it only observes the transformation in one company, hence the transformation of further e-HRM functions in other companies might differ.
Practical implications – The paper highlights both the transformation of e-recruiting and for the related people, processes, and IT, so companies could observe their current status of e-recruiting transformation.
Originality/value – This paper represents the first longitudinal approach observing the transformation of e-recruiting by describing different stages and external influences.
Survey methodologists worry about trade-offs between nonresponse and measurement error. Past findings indicate that respondents brought into the survey late provide low-quality data. The diminished data quality is often attributed to lack of motivation. Quality is often measured through internal indicators and rarely through true scores. Using administrative data for validation purposes, this article documents increased measurement error as a function of recruitment effort for a large-scale employment survey in Germany. In this case study, the reduction in measurement quality of an important target variable is largely caused by differential measurement error in subpopulations and respective shifts in sample composition, as well as increased cognitive burden through the increased length of recall periods among later respondents. Only small portions of the relationship could be attributed to a lack of motivation among late or reluctant respondents.
The stabilization of soil organic matter (SOM) is triggered by three main mechanisms: (i) low bioavailability
due to aggregation, (ii) recalcitrance due to the chemical structure, and (iii) association of the SOM
with mineral surfaces. In the present study we used particle size SOM fractions (sand, silt and clay),
derived from the Ah soil horizon from a Norway spruce forest in Southern Germany, to study the effects
of different stabilization mechanisms on the bioavailability of soil organic carbon (SOC) in a one year
incubation experiment. The respired CO2 was hourly recorded, additionally 13CO2 was analysed 20 times
and 14CO2 three times during the incubation experiment. To better differentiate between particulate OM
(POM) and mineral associated OM (MIN), the incubated fractions and bulk soil were separated according
to density (1.8 g cm� 3) after the incubation experiment. 13C-CPMAS NMR spectroscopy was used to study
the chemical composition of the incubated samples. We demonstrate a clear increase in SOM bioavailability
due to aggregate disruption, as the calculated theoretical CO2 evolution of the SOM fractions
recombined by calculation was 43.8% higher in relation to the intact bulk soil. The incubated sand
fraction, dominated by POM rich in O/N-alkyl C, showed a prolonged bioavailability of SOC moieties with
mean residence times (MRT) of 78 years. Interestingly, the silt fraction, dominated by highly aliphatic,
more recalcitrant POM, showed low mineralization rates and slow MRT’s (192 years) close to values for
the clay fraction (171 years), which contained a large amount of mineral-associated SOM. The recorded
13/12CO2 signatures showed a high depletion in 13C during the initial stage of the incubation, but an
enrichment of the respired 13CO2 of up to 3.4& relative to the incubated SOM was observed over longer
time periods (after 3 and 4 days for bulk soil and sand, respectively, and after 14 days for silt and clay).
Therefore, we found no evidence for a 13C enrichment of SOM as driven by metabolic isotopic fractionation
during microbial SOM mineralization, but an indication of a change in the isotopic composition
of the C-source over time.
The current cultural transition of our society into a digital society influences all aspects of human life. New technologies like the Internet and mobile devices enable an unobstructed access to knowledge in worldwide networks. These advancements bring with them a great freedom in decisions and actions of individuals but also a growing demand for an appropriate mastering of this freedom of choice and the amount of knowledge that has become available today. Naturally, this observable rise and progress of new technologies—gently but emphatically becoming part of people’s everyday lives—not only changes the way people work, communicate, and shape their leisure but also the way people learn.
This thesis is dedicated to an examination of how learners can meet these requirements with the support that modern technology is able to provide to learners. More precisely, this thesis places a particular emphasis that is absent from previous work in the field and thus makes it distinctive: the explicit focus on individual learners. As a result, the main concern of this thesis can be described as the examination, development, and implementation of personal information management in learning. Altogether two different steps towards a solution have been chosen: the development of a theoretical framework and its practical implementation into a comprehensive concept.
To establish a theoretical framework for personal information management in learning, the spheres of learning, e-learning, and personalised learning have been combined with theories of organisational and personal knowledge management to form a so far unique holistic view of personal information management in learning. The development of this framework involves the identification of characteristics, needs, and challenges that distinguish individual learners from within the larger crowd of uniform learners.
The theoretical framework defined within the first part is transferred to a comprehensive technical concept for personal information management in learning. The realisation and design of this concept as well as its practical implementation are strongly characterised by the utilisation of information retrieval techniques to support individual learners. The characteristic feature of the resulting system is a flexible architecture that enables the unified acquisition, representation, and organisation of information related to an individual’s learning and supports an improved find-ability of personal information across all relevant sources of information.
The most important results of this thesis have been validated by a comparison with current projects in related areas and within a user study.