Hintergrundinformationen zu dem aktuell umfangreichsten Handbuchprojekt zu den slavischen Sprachen, veröffentlicht in der prestigeträchtigen HSK-Reihe ("Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft, Bd. 32.1", De Gruyter, Berlin)
Synergetische Modellierung des Zusammenhanges zwischen verschiedenen Faktoren, die den Sprachwandel, das Sprachsterben etc. beeinflussen, wie z.B. die Größe der Weltbevölkerung, die durchschnittliche Lebenserwartung, die geographische Verteilung etc.
Introduction. Motivation is an important issue in both face-to-face and computer-supported collaborative learning. There are several approaches for enhancing motivation, including group awareness tools that provide feedback on the group’s motivation. However, this feedback was rarely unconfounded with other constructs. Additionally, it is only assumed and not investigated that the learners talk about their feedback and then remedy motivational prob-lems which leads to the observed motivation gain.
Method. In our experimental study, triads worked on a collaborative learning task either with (N = 33) or without (N = 18) a motivational feedback tool. Triads with a feedback tool were either prompted to discuss their results or not. We assessed motivation and knowledge before and after their work.
Results. We found no effect of the feedback tool on motivation or knowledge. Whether feed-back was discussed or not made no difference.
Discussion and Conclusion. These results indicate that a motivational feedback tool is only effective under specific circumstances which must be further researched.
The objective of this commentary is to propose fruitful research directions built upon the reciprocal interplay of social media and collective intelligence. We focus on “wicked problems” – a class of problems that Introne et al. (Künstl. Intell. 27:45–52, 2013) call “problems for which no single computational formulation of the problem is sufficient, for which different stakeholders do not even agree on what the problem really is, and for which there are no right or wrong answers, only answers that are better or worse from different points of view”. We argue that information systems research in particular can aid in designing appropriate systems due to benefits derived from the combined perspectives of both social media and collective intelligence. We document the relevance and timeliness of social media and collective intelligence for business and information systems engineering, pinpoint needed functionality of information systems for wicked problems, describe related research challenges, highlight prospective suitable methods to tackle those challenges, and review examples of initial results.