The paper examines the relationship between the political system and the public administration
modernization in the Hungarian transition. Its intention is to point out that there are various
shortcuts and bottlenecks of the Hungarian modernization and the cumulative impacts of these
deficiencies have caused characteristic difference of the Hungarian modernization trajectory
from the typical Western trajectories.
In this paper we integrate heterogeneous inflation expectations into a simple monetary
model. Guided by empirical evidence we assume that boundedly rational agents, selecting
between extrapolative and regressive forecasting rules to predict the future inflation rate,
prefer rules that have produced low prediction errors in the past. We show that integrating
this behavioral expectation formation process into the monetary model leads to the
possibility of endogenous macroeconomic dynamics. For instance, our model replicates
certain empirical regularities such as irregular growth cycles or inflation persistence.
Moreover, we observe multi-stability via a Chenciner bifurcation.
The paper enlightens popular part of the budget policy – deficit finance. In the
process of securing economic conditions to surpass the current economic crises,
the governments all over the world incline towards debt deficit finance. The
intention is to describe the implications such as multiplier effect, crowding out
effect, correlation between budget and trade deficit. One of them are positive, they
increase the aggregate demand and national income, other negative in term that
they crowd out the private sector from the capital market under increased demand
for loanable funds.
Macedonia's economy was not left behind by the global economic crisis as the
country's macroeconomic policymakers had hoped! Certainly, an economy open at
all and with a high degree of direct dependence on European and global economies
in general should not be saved by the crisis in financial top and then the global
economic. Transmission of negative effects but came a little late economic shocks
in the periphery are often stronger than the epicenter. In these circumstances
macroeconomic policymakers should be more proactive, coherent and dynamic
design of the following measures and economic policies increasingly based on
relevant research and analysis (decision making based on research and analysis).
Therefore, this analysis aims to develop and study in detail the measures in terms of
economy, Science and Technology of Macedonia in order to suggest a more
effective policy in accordance with business cycles, always comparing the
economic measures in other states with which the country has advanced reports on
economic but referring to specific local economic conditions. Accordingly the
specific activities recommended for further action.