One of the attractions of Sofia, capital of Bulgaria, is the monument to its liberator, Russian Tsar Alexander II. The article contrasts the treatment of the monument during socialist time with the period before and after this interlude.
Volume 13 of BiAS series brings out into prominence issues at the bottom of dialogue between African and Christian attitudes to nature. The Shona notion of hierarchy of sacredness of nature as opposed to the intrinsic value of nature forms a barrier to a possible reconciliation between Shona and Christian attitudes to nature. This is largely based on the belief that some aspects of nature in Shona are imbued with spirits. Although sacred aspects may be accidentally protected, there is a weakness in the discriminative attitudes that leaves other aspects vulnerable. It appears the Shona have yet to extricate themselves from an ethic based on fear of ancestral spirits to conscious assessment of scientific causes of ecological imbalances. Shona attitudes to nature fail to take account of the denial of the sacredness of some aspects of nature. The Christian attitudes to nature on the other hand, propound the doctrine of the equal worth and equal integrity of all aspects of nature, rather than a discriminative sacredness of nature. The attitudes are, however, based on the assumption that nature is purely material. This position results into divergent attitudes to nature. Attitudes to nature presented from a Christian perspective appear reluctant to identify divinity with natural phenomena. Christianity suggests the idea of creation value to bridge this gap. To this end, the creation value to which Christian attitudes tend to lend support, might well act as common denominator between Shona and Christian attitudes to nature particularly in the light of eco-spirituality and move towards African-Christian environmental ethics.
BiAS 12 examines the phenomenon of prophets and prophecy in contemporary Zimbabwe. By applying insights from biblical studies and other approaches, the volume sheds light on how this contentious phenomenon has been discussed in the Zimbabwean context. The different chapters highlight the role of the Bible, gender, media, literature and other perspectives have influenced attitudes towards prophets and prophecy in Zimbabwe. While the phenomenon has been principally associated with the new wave of Pentecostalism, it remains critical to appreciate pre-existing attitudes towards prophets from African Initiated Churches (AICs), as well as traditional healers in African Indigenous Religions (AIRs). Contributors to this volume have explored the complexities that characterize prophets and prophecy. The volume is of interest to scholars in biblical studies, theology, religious studies, political science, anthropology, philosophy and other disciplines. General readers, church leaders and civil society activists will also find the chapters in this volume valuable.
At present, a comprehensive set of measurement, modeling, analysis, simulation, and performance evaluation techniques are employed to investigate complex networks. A direct transfer of the developed engineering methodologies to related analysis and design tasks in next-generation energy networks, energy-efficient systems and social networks is enabled by a common mathematical foundation.
The International Workshop on "Demand Modeling and Quantitative Analysis of Future Generation Energy Networks and Energy-Efficient Systems" (FGENET 2014) and the International Workshop on "Modeling, Analysis and Management of Social Networks and their Applications" (SOCNET 2014) were held on March 19, 2014, at University of Bamberg in Germany as satellite symposia of the 17th International GI/ITG Conference on "Measurement, Modelling and Evaluation of Computing Systems" and "Dependability and Fault-Tolerance" (MMB & DFT 2014). They dealt with current research issues in next-generation energy networks, smart grid communication architectures, energy-efficient systems, social networks and social media. The Proceedings of MMB & DFT 2014 International Workshops summarizes the contributions of 3 invited talks and 13 reviewed papers and intends to stimulate the readers’ future research in these vital areas of modern information societies.
The employment period is of central importance in the life course and therefore ensuring job stability, whether internally or between firms, is essential for workers. In considering this, it is worthwhile to note from the outset that employees act within a particular framework. Employment trajectories are affected by firm-specific opportunity structures and diverse regional heterogeneities. Furthermore, the role of the business cycle is also an important factor to be addressed. This article is to contribute to existing research on employment trajectories and particularly towards addressing more fully structural factors that frame action, which remain under investigated.
In order to gain a fuller picture of structural and cyclical determinants, a German linked employer-employee dataset as well as data on regional economic characteristics using the ‘Spatial Planning Regions’ (German statistical units) were merged. The hierarchically clustered data was explored through multilevel models of analysis. Firstly, the key factors of influence on employment stability were identified, followed by the determinants of upward, lateral and downward inter-firm mobility as well as those transitions that lead to unemployment.
This article shows that during an economic upswing inter-firm promotions are more frequently achieved, whereas in an economic downswing the risks of unemployment increase. Moreover, it was found that investment in further training and internal infrastructure has a positive effect on employment trajectories. In addition, work councils increase employment stability, especially during periods of economic growth. In contrast to this, employment trajectories are destabilised through a disadvantageous firm demography as well as the intensive use of fixed-term employment. Densely populated areas offer better employment opportunities, whereas unemployment risks dominate in rural areas during an economic downswing. Furthermore, differences in levels of productivity as well as the particular labour market environment accentuate unequal employment opportunities. Regardless of qualification level, all employees within a region during an economic upswing benefit from the accumulation of a higher level of human capital, whereas during an economic downturn, skill segregation prevails, where it is only the highly qualified that benefit.